Varicose veins are one of the diseases that do not understand exactly who to choose as a victim, as both young and old can suffer.
Few run to doctors after the disease develops, without thinking that it is much easier to get rid of the problem in the early stages.
To get help right away, you must know what varicose veins in the legs are like, symptoms and treatment, the photo will also help to identify the disease and respond immediately.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins in the legs
It is believed that only women are generally concerned with varicose veins in the legs, while the symptoms are inherent in both men and the weaker sex, because they are almost the same. You should not wait until the disease starts to progress, so you need to contact your doctor immediately as soon as the first signs of an insidious disease appear.
What symptoms of varicose veins in the legs should be alarming? There aren't that many:
- venous patterns appearing on the legs, thighs;
- feeling of fullness and heaviness in the lower limbs;
- night cramps (often present during the day);
- the swelling appears after a hard day at work;
- fatigue increases dramatically;
- there is discomfort in the legs.
Even an alarm signal is sufficient to immediately send medical help; the sooner it is done, the greater the chances of successful treatment.
Varicose veins in the legs, symptoms during pregnancy
Problems with the veins of the lower extremities usually appear in women who are in an interesting position, because there is an additional load on the legs. There is considerable difficulty here - treatment should not harm the fetus, so you should not try to overcome the disease on your own. Only a doctor can accurately diagnose the disease and prescribe the safest treatment option for the baby.
If varicose veins in the legs are suspected, symptoms during pregnancy differ little from the most common signs of the disease. These include:
- small “stars” appearing on the legs;
- unpleasant discomfort that is felt in the lower extremities, not only at night, but throughout the day;
- intense swelling that can form not only on the lower legs, but also on the thighs themselves;
- pain and aches when walking;
- changes in the skin (flaking, appearance of age spots, alteration of the natural tone); The
- veins begin to protrude above the skin and, when pressed, severe pain appears.
Even if there is no certainty that it is varicose veins in the legs, the symptoms should be referred to the doctor - only a specialist can accurately diagnose the disease and determine the degree of its development.
Symptoms of internal varicose veins in the legs
According to doctors, internal varicose veins can cause serious complications, so it is especially important to recognize them in time. Even this does not guarantee that the treatment will be successful.
Symptoms of internal varicose veins in the legs:
- painful or dull pain in the lower extremities;
- weight and burning that hardly stops;
- seals are visible on the skin;
- red or blue "stars" appear;
- the veins under the skin expand, in places that resemble grapes;
- wounds appear that practically do not heal, possibly until the development of gangrene, which can lead to the loss of a limb.
The most dangerous stage is when muscles and bone mass begin to deform. If left untreated, it can be fatal.
Varicose veins in the legs, symptoms
No less threatening are the varicose veins in the deep veins of the legs, whose symptoms are not as pronounced as in a common disease. How to independently determine the presence of a serious illness?
There are many signs of the disease and almost all of them can be detected regardless if you know what to look for:
- discomfort in the lower extremities (burning, feeling of heaviness, painful pain);
- the skin becomes dry, scaly areas may appear;
- seizures appear at night, which can last until the morning;
- the saphenous veins expand, increasing in diameter several times;
- there are several small wounds that do not respond to treatment and do not heal.
Without immediate treatment, ulcers and eczema may develop soon, followed by gangrene. The formation of blood clots with subsequent death is also possible.
Which doctor should I contact if symptoms of varicose veins are found
Even if dangerous signs are identified in a timely manner, patients do not rush to the hospital, not knowing which doctor to look for if varicose vein symptoms are detected. There are no options here - only a doctor is able to prevent the disease from developing. An immediate visit to a phlebologist significantly reduces the risk of complications.
If you take too long to go to the doctor, it is quite possible that the disease will spread to the lower extremities, so you cannot do this with the help of a phlebologist. If the specialist deems it necessary, he can turn to colleagues.
Among the specialists who will help in the treatment of varicose veins are:
- cardiac surgeon;
- angiosurgeon (specialized in the surgical treatment of pathologies);
A multispecialist treatment can take many months or even years. If the phlebologist cannot deal with the disease on his own, it indicates that he has already passed the initial stage.
Treatment with ointments: which medicines to use to effectively get rid of the disease
At home, treatment with ointments is most often prescribed, but only if there are no complications or contraindications. It is best not to use these drugs on your own; it is imperative to first agree with a doctor about the course of action on the disease.
Treatment of varicose veins with folk remedies
In the early stages of the disease, you can practice treatment with folk remedies, but only with the doctor's permission. The most effective ones here are compresses and friction, which you can prepare yourself with plant materials.
Green walnuts have been shown to fight varicose veins. Grind about a glass of green fruit, pour the oil in equal parts. Insist on the perfumed liquid for about a month and a half. Then use it as a mop, rubbing a small amount of oily liquid daily on the affected areas.
Horse chestnut infusion can also be used, which acts locally. To prepare the medicine, you will need the inflorescences and leaves of the plant. Grind them, pour vodka or high-quality alcohol (based on a part of vegetable materials, 6-8 parts of alcohol). Insist a week, rub on the skin of the legs before bed.
Consequences of varicose veins in the legs
Knowing the consequences of varicose veins in your legs that threaten your health will help you start treatment more quickly. The disease can progress in the absence of treatment at an incredible rate and end in thromboembolism. At best, this will lead to disability, but statistics say that in almost a third of patients, the disease ends in death.
Trophic ulcers may appear that can hardly be treated. The size and depth of the lesions can increase and then spread to large areas of the lower extremities. This inevitably leads to gangrene. Even if you resort to treatment, therapy can last for a long time and without any guarantee of success.
Varicose veins in the legs, symptoms and treatment, photos and consequences - all this information can be studied independently to prevent a dangerous disease. It should not be expected that it will be possible to avoid it until midnight, but even the timely treatment will be sufficient to avoid worrying about the consequences or complications.