Venous pathology, or as this disease is also called varicose veins, is increasingly affecting the modern population. Therefore, it is important that each person knows what is the essence of varicose veins, their causes and how they can arise.
After all, as you know, the best treatment is to prevent the onset of the disease, not fight the existing symptoms.
The causes of varicose veins in the legs and their elimination is a long-term basis for research by experts from around the world, so this topic has already been very well studied.
How the disease develops
In a healthy person's body, blood circulates in two directions: from the heart downwards and upwards, when blood flow again passes through the heart muscle. In the vessels in the veins of the legs, there are valves that ensure blood circulation and push the blood flow upward.
Healthy leg veins allow blood to flow up and down, and their valves provide blood supply to all the deep vessels.
If the venous vessels are affected and the veins are dilated, the valve does not fit perfectly into the vessel wall, blood accumulates in the lower extremities. That's how varicose veins start.
How do varicose veins manifest later? Incomplete blood flow causes the veins to stretch, the space between the valve and the vein wall in the legs becomes larger and larger.
The venous vessel loses its tone, pronounced networks of small capillaries appear on the surface of the skin, and intravenous pressure increases.
If varicose veins do occur, then the veins, unfortunately, are no longer destined to become completely healthy and there is a need for treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to establish what are the causes of the appearance of varicose veins, the possible ways to prevent and eliminate them.
Therefore, varicose veins are the causes.
Factors for the onset of varicose veins
The causes of varicose veins have been fully investigated by specialists - phlebologists from different countries and, as a result, a number of factors have been established that give rise to varicose veins.
- Varicose veins in the legs can occur primarily because the person is a bipedal creature. As the body of "Homo sapiens" is mainly in an upright position during the day, it exerts considerable pressure on the lower extremity area.
- A hypodynamic lifestyle is another factor in the appearance of varicose veins. When leading a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, blood flow to the lower extremities first decreases and then there is unpleasant stagnation in that area. Chronic edema and a feeling of heaviness appear in the legs. Therefore, if work is associated with a constant presence at the computer, the risk of falling ill increases significantly.
- Work associated with increased physical activity. All organs work intensively, limb tension is almost constant. Blood pressure is significantly higher than the normal level and the deformation of the vessels in the legs becomes chronic.
- Constant position. If a person, due to his professional duties, is forced to spend considerable time standing, this also interrupts the venous blood flow, there is an increase in blood pressure in the vessels of the legs and stagnation begins to appear. People with professions such as hairdressing, makeup artist, salesperson are at risk.
- Hereditary factor. Unfortunately, many illnesses come from our older relatives. Therefore, if there were patients with varicose veins in previous generations, varicose veins can manifest in offspring much more often than in people who have not inherited this harmful disease.
- Hormonal changes. If the hormonal background is unstable, there are violations in this regard, so the appearance of venous diseases usually doesn't take long. Mainly this way, varicose veins can start in women during pregnancy, when there is a colossal hormonal change. The menopause period is no less risky in this regard, as the level of the hormone estrogen decreases and, as a result, the venous walls are looser and more prone to strain. Also, long-term hormone therapy can trigger the onset of varicose veins.
- Abnormal development of veins, various formations within vessels, eg fistulas or fistulas. If they appear, blood is ejected directly from the arterial vessels into the venous vessels, so the intravenous pressure dramatically increases.
- Stressful period, prolonged neurosis. Being under stress for too long is dangerous for the work of the whole body, and calf vessels are no exception. Central nervous system disorders often have an extremely detrimental effect on the functioning of the circulatory system, including in the region of the lower extremities.
- Excessive body weight. Obesity is harmful to the body as a whole, and the legs are especially severely overweight. Why do varicose veins appear if body weight has exceeded normal? The fact is that unnecessary kilograms put pressure on the vessels in the pelvis and the calves of the legs, swelling appears, the functioning of the blood vessels is disrupted and, as a result, the blood congestion and deformation of the veins in this area does not take long.
- Smoking. This addiction causes a sharp narrowing of blood vessels, especially the veins and capillaries located in the lower extremities suffer. Due to an acute spasm, the blood flow within the venous vessel decreases, the blood supply to these areas deteriorates. Vessels become fragile, stagnation occurs, and then thrombus formation.
- Old age. As you reach old age, all the systems in your body wear out and sometimes refuse to function normally, and your legs are no exception. In addition to the loss of elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and veins, in this case, a decrease in general dynamism, a preference for sedentary lifestyle, also affects.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol, fatty, spicy and salty foods. Not only do the venous walls suffer from gastronomic excesses, but excess cholesterol is also formed - the main factor that contributes to the formation of blood clots and blood clots.
- Uncomfortable clothes. These are, for example, long pants - elastic and overly tight legs, resulting in a violation of blood flow. All these, possibly, fashionable elements of the wardrobe, in the case of regular use, have a harmful effect on health, the violation of venous circulation becomes chronic, the vessels are deformed and varicose veins appear.
- Uncomfortable high-heeled shoes or simply uncomfortable synthetic materials that do not allow air to pass through. When wearing these shoes, the feet are tense all the time, there is constant pressure on the calf muscles, where blood accumulates in the venous vessels. This disregard for your comfort and health is a direct prerequisite for starting varicose veins.
- Unfortunately, the cause of varicose veins in the legs is also excessive enthusiasm for baths, steam rooms, saunas. If abused, these procedures can also significantly disrupt blood flow processes in the body, creating increased pressure in the veins of the lower extremities.
Is it possible to eliminate the causes of varicose veins?
If varicose veins have already appeared and the veins have lost their original shape, tone and smoothness, and blood flow is disturbed, then only therapeutic measures will help. And what can be done to maintain the health of the venous vessels in the legs?
Follow these simple guidelines:
Like other diseases, pathology of the vessels in the legs is easier to prevent in time than to deal with severe symptoms.
If it's important for you to preserve your health for many years, pay attention to your feet, don't ignore the weight and swelling at night, try to take some time to relax at night after a busy day.
An active lifestyle, a healthy nutritious diet and freedom from addictions are the keys to staying active for years to come.