Stages of varicose veins

As it is a very common disease of the veins and arteries, varicose veins are accompanied by characteristic manifestations that allow timely diagnosis of the disease and prevent its aggravation. There are certain stages of varicose veins, which are accompanied by certain symptoms and can become indicators of neglect of the pathological process and the opportunity to identify current changes.

However, phlebologists today do not have a consensus on the isolation of the stages of the disease, since the discharge of manifestations and its characteristic course are not constant values: each case has its own characteristics of manifestation and course of this disease, and against In the background of injuries from parallel currents in the body, there is a high probability of manifestations of lubrication, which can interfere with the correct diagnosis.

The main parameters to determine the stage of varicose veins

The stages of varicose veins usually form as a result of the set of certain manifestations that characterize the degree of negligence of the current pathological process, as well as its effect on the patient's body as a whole. Classification of the manifestation of this disease is the simplest method of preliminary diagnosis and determination of the treatment regimen.


To determine the stage of the disease, a series of specific questions must be answered that will allow us to understand the existing symptoms and, with their help, determine the degree of aggravation of the process, which largely determines the possibilities for treatment.

These issues include:

  • the presence of characteristic manifestations of varicose veins and the degree of its manifestation;
  • location and intensity of symptoms;
  • the presence of external manifestations of alterations in the state of the veins and great arteries;
  • identification of concomitant manifestations that aggravate the patient's condition.

However, even without a detailed diagnosis by a phlebologist, during an external examination of the patient, it is possible to make a preliminary diagnosis, which will make it possible to trace a scheme of therapeutic effects, depending on the specific characteristics of each individual. the patient's body, the presence of current concurrent illnesses, and the susceptibility to continual exposure make certain adjustments in treatment. It is important, when diagnosing the patient's condition, to determine which types of varicose veins occur, their location and the degree of neglect of the pathological process.

Most of the time, varicose veins affect the lower extremities, as it is this area of the human body that receives the most significant loads. At the same time, not everyone is aware of this load on the legs, and they do not protect them even in the face of a series of manifestations that signal the need for a more attentive attitude towards limbs and veins. Therefore, to understand how the stages of varicose veins differ, it is necessary to obtain at least general ideas about the manifestations of this pathology, which is distinguished by its seriousness and great dangers to the health of the legs and the human body as a whole.

The specifics of varicose vein classification

The stages of varicose veins may differ in the shape and location of the current pathological process in the veins. This approach is the most convenient to understand the degree of neglect of the disease, and it also allows you to determine the cause of the onset, which will more quickly eliminate the current manifestations of this condition and the characteristic symptoms.

The types of varicose veins differ in several specific parameters. The use of a given classification makes it possible to determine whether an existing disease belongs to a group, which facilitates the subsequent diagnosis and choice of a treatment system. The modern classification according to the location of the main nodules of varicose veins is as follows:

  • Varicose veins are located in the superficial layer of the skin and in the deep veins, while external manifestations are characterized by segmentation - changes in the state of the veins are only noticed in a certain area of the veins.
  • Superficial and perforating vein varices, which are also noted in certain segments of the skin.
  • Changes in the condition of the veins, in which an increase in varicose veins and pathological changes in the superficial veins are diagnosed in an unexpressed way, reflux.
  • Varicose veins, noted in the deep veins, developing reflux.
  • The presence of reflux indicates the presence of a certain pathology, as with reflux the blood flows in the opposite direction. This phenomenon usually aggravates the pathological process of changes in the veins, stimulating the worsening of varicose veins, followed by coverage of an increasing area of veins and arteries. All types of varicose veins can show signs of reflux, which is already a specific pathology and requires medical intervention.

    varicose veins

    Knowing the seriousness of the disease makes it possible to start treatment in a timely manner, as even the initial phase of the process, which has a relatively small number of external manifestations, is dangerous for the health of the legs. First-degree varicose veins can be practically asymptomatic, but this does not mean that there is no need for treatment of the disease.

    An external examination of affected veins with altered veins will allow the specialist to roughly determine the likely cause of this condition. However, to clarify the diagnosis, one must go through a complete range of diagnostic procedures that allow establishing the degree of prevalence of the autologous process, as well as correcting the intended therapeutic effect to obtain the most pronounced and prolonged effect. -lasting positive results. Classification will help to make a diagnosis according to the external manifestations of the disease, as well as to determine the system of therapeutic effects.

    Classification according to the degree of aggravation

    Today, the generally accepted classification method must be considered a variant that divides the course of the disease into certain stages. Each one of them has characteristic manifestations, with the beginning of the subsequent phase, there is a greater degree and strength of symptoms, with a high prevalence of the affected area.

    The classification of the disease, which is based on the degree of dropout, is as follows:

    • initial stage of varicose veins - in the initial stage of the pathological process, there is a gradual accumulation of characteristic manifestations of the disease, which are not always perceived by the patient. This stage is often called latent: a person can forget about unpleasant sensations after a full day of standing due to elemental fatigue, the presence of some excess weight. If, however, to the factors listed we add the child's expectancy period, heredity (if there is at least one close relative with existing varicose veins, one can safely assume one's own tendency to develop this disease in oneself), then one can ignore the pathological changes manifested in the inferior veins for a long time.
    • the first phase is already characterized by manifestations such as periodic numbness of the legs (especially with prolonged preservation of a standing and standing position), pain in certain parts of the legs, feeling of tension in the legs and veins due to deterioration of the quality of the process. of blood circulation, the veins at the same time expand and a strong tension. Externally, the first stage of the disease is manifested by the appearance of small areas with visible veins and blood vessels, which may bother the patient when pressing on this area;
    • 2nd degree varicose veins may have the following characteristic manifestations:
      • the pain becomes more pronounced, increases towards the end of the day;
      • bruises and areas with altered veins and capillaries appear on the skin, which are visible even to the naked eye;
      • the degree of injury is increased, which is revealed by an increase in the area of injury.

      In the second degree of this pathological process, there is a heavy heaviness in the legs, sensation of rupture of veins and skin, and the so-called goosebumps may appear in the legs and in the popliteal region, which is not associated with external factors. Second-degree varicose veins are still treatable; in the later stages, the disease aggravation process advances faster and faster and reaches more and more areas of the lower limbs, while the treatment process is difficult and does not always give positive results;

    • 3rd degree varicose veins are less curable. All characteristic symptoms are aggravated, the pain becomes more intense and the affected area covers most of the leg. The condition and color of the skin on the legs change: they take on a darker tone, the skin itself becomes a diseased structure, more and more like dead skin. At this stage, varicose veins almost always require surgical intervention, as there is a high risk of thrombus development and vessel wall separation, which can obstruct the vessel lumen and lead to serious consequences in the form of risk of limb amputation . The third stage is the most dangerous because of the high probability of concurrent negative manifestations during treatment.

    There are also capillary varices, in which small blood vessels receive a load, the quality of blood circulation gradually deteriorates, characteristic signs appear in the form of increased fatigue in the limbs, swelling of the affected tissues and local skin color change of the injury.

    Varicose veins have stages that gradually become more complicated, while the method of treatment is determined both by the location of the lesion site and by the subjective manifestations of the disease. Anyone who has noticed at least one of the signs of this formidable disease should remember that the probability of the disease's transition in a short period to a deeper stage and a significant deterioration in the health of the lower extremities is high. Furthermore, in the absence of the necessary treatment, the patient may become incapacitated - as medical statistics show, this takes, on average, about 11 years from the moment the first characteristic manifestations of the disease appear.

    Why is treatment necessary?

    Varicose veins of the lower extremities, or VBNK, accompanied by a gradual deterioration of blood circulation, the appearance of increasingly deeper symptoms, requires an immediate medical response. In the detection of varicose veins in the lower limbs, a more detailed diagnosis of the veins and blood vessels is performed, determining the degree of negligence in the process.

    Lower limb disease requires treatment due to the rapid worsening of the current pathological process, affecting more and more areas. The probability of remaining incapacitated is high, especially in old age, when there is a general suppression of basic body functions and a decrease in the degree of resistance to disease. And in the presence of concomitant lesions, the treatment of varicose veins in the legs becomes even more difficult.

    As it is a disease characterized by several types (or stages), which differ in the degree of aggravation of the pathological process, treatment must be carried out according to the results of the diagnoses made, as well as taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism.