When people led a more active lifestyle, move more, pathology of such a plan was a rarity. Office work, moving in transport has led to the fact that a person has to solve more and more problems related to health. Among the different pathologies can be noted varicose veins of the pelvis. This abnormality is associated with a significant reduction in overall elasticity of the veins.
The disease is more common for women who have reached reproductive age. The reason for the disease is reverse the reflux of blood, which is caused by the increase of the uterus. Such phenomenon is very often exacerbated in the process of changes, hormonal, body changes such as during pregnancy.
Manifested by varicose veins of the pelvis minor pain, if a woman is a long time. Mild discomfort may occur during intercourse, under heavy load. In more advanced forms of the disease can cover the crotch area, both buttocks and even vulva.
Causes and possible risk
The causes of this pathology like varicose pelvis, can be attributed to features ratio of hormones in women. Among the reasons, which lead to the formation of pathology, can be identified:
- Hormonal means;
- The use of hormonal contraceptives;
- Numerous interrupt sexual intercourse as protection from unwanted pregnancy;
- Lack of orgasm;
- Many genera which are consecutive;
- Work sitting or serious stress on the body physical;
- Various congenital problems such as weakness of the veins, their walls.
Important! Varicose veins in the pelvis is quite often observed in pregnant women. Pathology develops in 30% of cases. It is extremely important to treat your overall health.
The risk groups include patients who have a tendency to constant inflammation of the pelvic organs. Often pathology develops after or on a background of diseases such as tumors, cysts or endometriosis. If a woman is present high concentration of the substance estrogen, it also belongs to the group of risk.
Symptoms and signs
Varicose veins are veins of the pelvis is characterized by symptoms such as pain of various intensity levels, it all depends on health. Quite often a patient is faced with acute unpleasant premenstrual syndrome. Many have noted the sensitivity of the entire perineum , presence of a strong discharge, and violation of menstruation.
May be a violation in the process of urination and a slight feeling of heaviness in the pelvic region, especially if the patient is a long time in an unchanged position.
For each patient with their own distinctive symptoms. They may be present all together or some of them, as well as different can be and the degree of their severity. In other words, varicose veins of the pelvis, is manifested in different ways.
Features classification pathology
Before proceeding to the treatment of such diseases as varicose veins of small pelvis in women, the specialist determines the degree of varicose veins of the pelvis.
At the moment there are three main levels of disease, which differ in the width of the diameter of the damaged veins, also has the value of the total localization of major violations.
Thus, there are three categories and the degree of expansion:
- First degree – indicators of diameter equal to 5 mm, and course of the vessel resembles a corkscrew.
- Second degree the veins can reach 6-10 mm in diameter, may be some ectasia special plexus of the ovaries.
- Third degree. Here the vein diameter is 10 mm, and the localization can be with parameters and trunk.
In direct proportion to the level of development of pathology, chosen certain methods for proper treatment. This can be a simple lifestyle change or surgical intervention. In the first two stages complete recovery occurs after a course of conventional conservative treatment. The doctors in this case prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, diet and special exercises.
With the development of the disease up to the third degree, a specialist often refers to modern surgical methods of treatment. It can be ligation and embolization of the major veins.
As determined by pathology
To rely solely on the complaint of the patient, the physician has no right, as the symptoms very similar to many diseases gynecological in nature.
For diagnosis and the degree of its development, the following measures:
- A survey of all pelvic organs.
- Dopplerography of all vessels to check the damage.
- Laparoscopy with possible ligation of the ovarian veins.
- Ultrasonic professional research. Is performed through the abdominal wall, and also from the vagina.
- X-ray examination or venography.
- Can be performed computed tomography, when required to clarify the diagnosis.
- Uterine phlebography, that is, professional penetrating diagnostic method.
Such methods allow to establish the diagnosis, excluding other diseases. Conduct a more accurate diagnosis can effectively prevent the wrong treatment.
In the process of implementing measures related to the elimination of the disease, it should be remembered that the presence of varicose veins in the pelvis can cause tendency to the overall process of varicose veins of the whole body. Accordingly it is necessary to correct day regimen and lifestyle. Surgical methods should apply in extreme cases. If you have set the varicose veins of the pelvis, the overall treatment of the skillful and elaborate it should be.
Taking into account the peculiarities of such diseases as varicose veins of the pelvis, the treatment is to achieve certain results. It is important to normalize the overall tone of the veins, it is necessary to prevent stagnation in the vessels, to efficiently prevent relapses.
In accordance with these goals and objectives have been developed a number of specific measures aimed precisely at eliminating this disease.
Among the main therapeutic manipulation include:
- Assigned compression socks underwear.
- The use of ointments from varicose veins, and special funds.
All types of scheduled events associated with the treatment are selected strictly individually. Each of the schemes relates to their specific categories, each of which will be described in more detail.
If we describe the conservative treatment of veins and vessels of the small pelvis, it can be noted that it is aimed at the complete elimination of the symptoms of disease. Mandatory made special proofs in daily life of the patient. This is necessary in order to establish a balance between rest and activity. Developed a proper diet, the use of special loads.
Professionals strongly recommend to control the time that the patient is in the upright position. As an application can be assigned to these effective drugs.
Nutrition and diet
Mandatory physician reviews the nutrition of the patient. In the development of the power specifically excludes such products that contain large amount of fat. Also excluded are drinks containing alcohol. Preference is given to products that contain high amounts of fiber, healthy fats. Vegetables, grass, fruit, fish and vegetable oils.
Spicy and salty foods during treatment is completely eliminated. It should also completely withdraw from nicotine. This is especially important if varicose veins of small pelvis in men was detected.
Upon detection of varicose veins doctor prescribes exercise with varicose veins of the pelvis. Among the most common gymnastic exercises are such popular complexes as bike, upright birch, scissors.
In all such exercises there is an active development of the legs, and without overloading the lumbar spine. The position of the body in which they are performed, leading to a rush of blood, which will automatically lead to stagnation.
The procedure is quite a big event. It is used in case of neglect of the disease, as well as a certain genetic predisposition. To the main types of surgical intervention include the ligation of veins, can be carried out by special procedure.
If you need a surgical intervention, the choice of procedure is carried out strictly individually. All depends on lesions varicose veins is internal, sometimes external.
In the treatment of varicose veins of small pelvis treatments are accepted a special extracts, which are able to effectively tone veins. Specialists often prescribe tinctures horse chestnut, chaga, and a decoction of dandelion roots. Useful is the treatment with leeches when on the coccyx and sacrum are superimposed leeches.
Important! Treatment folk methods of treatment will never replace thoughtful more effective treatment. Recipes can be used only as additional procedures. It is also important to obtain prior expert advice.
Methods of prevention of relapse
The most effective preventative measures that protect against varicose veins, healthy diet, which is desirable to observe and after a full recovery. Among the basic rules of prevention include:
- Proper load distribution, that is, the normalization of working conditions;
- Is measured day mode with the full minimization of stressful situations;
- As prevention is to drink a course of certain funds and repeated every 2-4 months.
With the proper observance of all the rules, you can count on complete freedom from such disease as varicose pelvic veins in women. This will indicate certain characteristics. It is a long time in remission, a significant improvement in the overall way of life and appearance of the skin. When properly driven treatment the patient fully recover hormonal processes.
Well-planned and conducted treatment of acute and chronic varicose veins able to have a positive impact on physical as well as the shared emotional state. The lack of thoughtful treatment leads to certain complications - dysfunctional uterine bleeding, an infection of the uterus and adjacent appendages, feeling the pain of different character and thrombosis of the veins located in the pelvis.
With the symptoms help treat the women, who range in age from 25 to 46 years old. Once the patient begins menopause, the disease will proceed much harder, greatly increases the likelihood of complications. Against the background of constant bleeding there is a risk to suffer from thrombosis, serious inflammatory process.
Pathology is the result of an illiterate built life and has a direct impact on life. Timely and competent treatment to effectively slow down the progression of the disease, moreover, to cure it completely. For this reason it is so important careful attention is paid to signs of pathology and the time to seek professional help.
The prediction of outcome of pathology in the pelvic area directly depends on a large number of important points – the degree of development, localization, complications, and comorbidities. If there is no bleeding, the prognosis is guaranteed to be favorable. With careful adherence to the recommendations of the expert more than 80% of patients achieve a positive effect.